How to identify flintlock rifles

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how to identify flintlock rifles

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You can also buy research materials from one of our affiliates at our Books for Sale pages. Below are the images of selected firearms used by selected countries. I will add to this from time to time - mainly upon request - when identification of a certain firearm is requested. My intent is to help the novice collector, not to help line the pockets of pseudo antique dealers.

Box Llano, Texas If you have a specific identification question, please see our Identification Request Page. Confederate States of America. United Kingdom. United States of America. Follow this link to purchase posters of Firearms. Jinks - Beinfeld Publishing, Inc. Merwyn Carey - Thomas Y. Millard - Charles C. Temple and I. Skennerton - B. Hoffman and Noel P.Curator's Corner. Although one might not like, or care about, firearms, their museum probably has a few.

It is important that one know how to date these objects using what has been done to them in the past, when there were no words or dates stamped into the wood or metal. Most 18th century muzzle loading black powder rifles have been converted from flintlock to percussion cap lock sometime in the past and the fact of the conversion helps in dating them.

Gun powder was first used in Europe in the 14th century. The flintlock was perfected c. The percussion system was perfected c. An exception is the US Army guns which were not converted until The Mexican War was fought with flintlocks. When the guns were converted, there were three ways to do this.

First Alteration. The barrel already had a tiny touch hole bored in it. At first a small hammer head was welded in the flint clamp. Second Alteration. The barrel was not rotated. The pan was sawed off the lock plate. The touch hole was enlarged, threaded and a tube screwed in.

how to identify flintlock rifles

The upper end of the tube was drilled and threaded. The nipple was screwed in. Third Alteration. A new bolster was welded on the side of the barrel, holding the nipple.Please be sure to post images when you're asking what the value of your firearm s is. We find this to be a necessary tool when determining a value. Forum ' started by hhunt84Oct 24, Log in or Sign up.

Dismiss Notice Please be sure to post images when you're asking what the value of your firearm s is. Oct 24, 1. Joined: Oct 24, Messages: 6.

Tower Flintlock Long Gun Identification Help

I am hoping for some help in identifying my gun. I don't know much about it, but this is what I do know. It has "Tower" by the trigger and a crown with "GR" below it.

It is. Barrel length itself is about 48". It has a brass buttstock and also a brass patch box. It has a wooden ramrod. The wood is tiger striped. I was told that it was a flintlock musket. The gentleman I took the gun to thought it was pre-civil war and thought it was in great condition. If you could help me out in any way, I sure would appreciate it! Last edited: Oct 24, Oct 24, 2.

You've come to the right place for info, we've got some folks with extensive expertise on this type of firearm. Something that would really help would be a couple pics showing the gun in full length and some close-ups of the markings and lock work.

how to identify flintlock rifles

Jim HauffOct 24, Oct 24, 3. Joined: May 16, Messages: 1, Pictures are going to be a must Oct 24, 4. Joined: Dec 6, Messages: 6, Just one of my notorious "FWIW" notes. For most of the flintlock and percussion periods, the Tower of London served as a storehouse for arms, but no arms were actually made there in the usual sense.American made antique flintlock rifles are easily identified by their long stocks and barrels.

They were generally accurate at distances up to three hundred yards. You can find them at antique stores or stores specializing in antique firearms.

Developed in the early s, the flintlock mechanism quickly gained favor over the wheellock mechanism on firearms. Not only were flintlocks much more reliable as a firing mechanisms, they were also much less expensive to manufacture. Based on simple principles, the flintlock mechanism worked in the following way:. Although early flintlock firearms included pistols and muskets, it was not until the early part of the s that flintlock rifles began to come into the spotlight.

Although rifling was first documented as early as the s in Germany, throughout the s and s smooth barrel flintlocks were the norm and remained so for military use. However, many American gunsmiths in the s rifled the barrels of their guns.

When a gun is rifled, grooves are cut into the metal inside the gun barrel. The grooves help to keep the bullet stable in flight making it much more accurate than a smooth barreled gun. In the s, German craftsmen and gunsmiths living in Pennsylvania began designing and the building the forerunners of the very popular Pennsylvania, also known as Kentucky, Long Rifle.

The main disadvantage of flintlock rifles was the "fouling" that took place. Fouling is the buildup of gunpowder byproducts that occur inside the gun barrel when it is rifled. Due to the way flintlock rifles were loaded, it was often difficult to load the tight fitting ball down into the barrel after several shots were fired.

Shooters needed to clean their rifles very often making them an excellent weapon for hunting and on the frontier but not a very good choice as a military weapon. Many times identifying a flintlock rifle can be difficult since there were many made by the thousands of individual gunsmiths and very small manufacturing companies scattered throughout the country during the past centuries.

Often the rifles were unsigned leaving a positive identification virtually impossible.

Flintlock Firearms

When this occurs, valuation is made based on the rifles:. Many fine examples of these antique firearms are still found at auctions and from antique gun collectors and dealers. Depending on the specific piece, prices range from several hundred dollars to well into the tens of thousands. In today's marketplace there are many very accurate looking reproductions of antique flintlock rifles.For most general types of firearms, you can find info on how to ID and value them here.

However, there are certain types of firearms that are just tough to identify or estimate a value on. These are guns where published references are few, and either there are few specialists in the field or if there are specialists the guns can only be i. Even then, the identification is often more art than science, and value estimates may be speculative.

These are original antique muzzleloaders that are made by individual gunsmiths or small manufacturing concerns, usually prior to the era of mass production, but sometimes well into the midth century. There are literally thousands of small individual makers, and often such guns are unsigned with no sure way to identify the maker. Some may have considerable value, in thousands of dollars. Researching small early gunsmiths - Generally, these will not be listed in most price guides. A number of book by Dr.

James Whisker and various co-authors list Amercian makers by specific region.

Loading and firing the Flintlock musket

Modern blackpowder reproductions - It's not at all unusual for someone to confuse a modern blackpowder reproduction with an original. Often when a cartridge firearm has an unusual name on it, it is such a "trade name" gun.

Researching Trade Name Guns - Tables showing the true manufacturer of various trade name guns can be found in the two major price guides. Side by Sides of the World by Charles Carder in an excellent encyclopedia of trade names used on double barrel shotguns.

how to identify flintlock rifles

Suicide Specials by Webster is a similarly definitive reference for small late 19th Century spur-trigger revolver trade names. Both these last two may be out of print, try inter-library loan or Amazon. These were made by a large number of cottage industry type makers with few distinguishing marks in a bewildering variety of styles and configurations.

Flintlock identification

These would include folding trigger hammerless revolvers sometimes lumped together as "Velodog" or "Puppy" type revolvers. Similar situations apply to other European firearms by obscure makers altho some by fine artisans can be quite valuable and Pinfire firearms and unlicensed European copies of American revolvers from the same time eras. This especially applies to military rifles that have been "sporterized".

Signed works by early famous gunsmiths can be an exception to this generalization, as can essentially custom built rifles by top makers, although these can be slow to sell. Lot Sig Sauer - Sig - 5. About Us Contact Us. The gunsmith is generally considered to be the name if any that appears on the barrel. Often gunsmiths purchased pre-made locks from small manufacturers, especially during the percussion era, and the name appearing on the lock will often be the lock supplier rather than the gunsmith.Flintlock Firearms Flintlock guns appeared before the revolutionary percussion cap system and ruled warfare for some years.

Flintlock was a firing action related to early firearms. The firing action consisted of a spring-loaded cock-lever containing a small amount of flint in the hold of a screw-tightened clamp.

There was a steel "frizzen", or flashpan, for which the flint to work against. The frizzen covered the supply of gunpowder. As the charge and ball were loaded down into the barrel muzzle-first by way of a ramrod, the operator would then set the cock to be 'half-cocked' and have his weapon ready to fire.

When aimed and ready, the operator would then set the cocking lever to "full-cock". Pulling the trigger began the firing action for the trigger let loose the cock-lever to which struck the flint against the frizzen.

The struck frizzen would expose the gunpowder in the flash pan through a "touch hole" to the resultant sparks. The resulting spark ignited the gunpowder and set off the main charge, the resulting pressure firing the bullet out of the barrel. Flintlock guns served the world for some to years before being replaced by the percussion principle.

There are a total of [ 20 ] Flintlock Firearms entries in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order 1-to-Z. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. Baker Rifle Baker Infantry Rifle. British Sea Service Pistol. Charleville Musket. Duval Model Enfield Pattern Cavalry. Harpers Ferry Model Harpers Ferry Model Hall Rifle. Henry Model Navy. Johnson Model Remington Model Mississippi Rifle.This is my first post here.

My uncle passed away last year, and my Father was given all of the family history and military stuff from their dad my grandpa in the will. Among the items was an old flintlock rifle.

We are trying to figure out any information on it, but it is really old and worn out. The only word we can see on the gun is half faded. I was hoping maybe someone here knew anything about this rifle.

Here are some photos of the gun. It is a percussion lock not a flintlock. The style reminds me of rifles made in New York but I really don't know. The name on the lock is the first thing.

Sorry I am of no help at ths point. I'm no expert I just like looking at old muzzleloaders. On second thought those letters are not Gothic it is just worn in a way to appear so.

Remove Advertisements. Originally Posted by bullseye.

Antique Flintlock Rifles

Well maybe I am wrong about New York. The style of patchbox and triggerguard are other clues. Maybe someone else can offer insight. If not then you can try the Traditional Muzzleloading Forum elsewhere.

It may have been a flintlock originally. The drop at the butt is somewhat unusual and so the style is another clue. Sorry Im just too lazy. Last edited by bullseye; at PM. Hey it's a start true? I appreciate the help. Ok this one is in Gothic style. The lock I mean. Yes, look at the h closely. His locks were sold to gunsmiths all over the country, particularly in the East.

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